Understanding Pelvic Floor Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Pelvic Floor Disorders

Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) are a group of conditions that affect the muscles, ligaments, and connective tissue in the lower pelvis. These disorders can lead to various symptoms, significantly impacting a person’s quality of life. Understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and knowing the treatment options available are crucial steps in managing these conditions effectively.

What Are Pelvic Floor Disorders?

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles and tissues that form a sling across the opening of the pelvis. These muscles support the pelvic organs, including the bladder, rectum, and uterus in women. When these muscles and tissues weaken or are injured, it can lead to several disorders, including:

  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP): This occurs when pelvic organs drop from their normal position due to weakened pelvic floor muscles.
  • Urinary Incontinence: The involuntary leakage of urine due to a loss of bladder control.
  • Fecal Incontinence: The inability to control bowel movements, leading to unexpected stool leakage.
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain: Persistent pain in the pelvic region, which can be related to PFDs.

Causes of Pelvic Floor Disorders

Several factors can contribute to the development of PFDs:

  1. Childbirth: Vaginal delivery can stretch and weaken the pelvic floor muscles, leading to PFDs later in life.
  2. Aging: As women age, the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor can naturally weaken.
  3. Menopause: The decrease in estrogen levels during menopause can affect the strength and elasticity of pelvic floor tissues.
  4. Obesity: Excess weight puts additional pressure on the pelvic floor, increasing the risk of PFDs.
  5. Chronic Coughing: Conditions like chronic bronchitis or asthma can lead to repeated straining of the pelvic floor muscles.
  6. Heavy Lifting: Regularly lifting heavy objects can strain the pelvic floor muscles over time.

Symptoms of Pelvic Floor Disorders

The symptoms of PFDs can vary depending on the specific disorder but often include:

  • A feeling of pressure or fullness in the pelvic area
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Difficulty urinating or having a bowel movement
  • Urinary or fecal incontinence
  • A bulge in the vaginal area

Treatment Options for Pelvic Floor Disorders

Fortunately, several treatment options are available for those suffering from PFDs:

  1. Lifestyle Changes: Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding heavy lifting, and managing chronic cough can help reduce symptoms.
  2. Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy: Specialized exercises, often called Kegels, can strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
  3. Medications: Some medications can help manage symptoms like urinary incontinence.
  4. Pessary: A device inserted into the vagina to support the pelvic organs and reduce prolapse symptoms.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgical options may be considered to repair or support the pelvic organs.


Pelvic floor disorders are common and can significantly impact daily life, but they are manageable with the right treatment. If you experience symptoms of a PFD, it’s essential to seek medical advice. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve your quality of life and help you regain control over your pelvic health. At Complete Women’s Care, our dedicated team of professionals is here to provide the support and treatment you need to manage and overcome pelvic floor disorders. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward better pelvic health. https://www.lyndhurstgyn.com/new-patients/

Further Reading:

Johns Hopkins: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/pelvic-floor-disorders